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紫禁城2.0

类型:纪录片 记录  中国大陆  2021 

主演:内详 

导演:吴志勇 

剧情简介

《紫禁城》 - 紫禁城是哪个皇帝建设的节目以“紫禁城”为眼,以“变局”为切入点,用《王者》《基业》《远路》《惊变》《际遇》《异象》《交融》《盛世》《思危》《图存》《破晓》《新生》12个篇章,站在大历史的视角,选取中国近600年历史进程中若干“变局”事件,在历史的拐点中解读得失,从千年中华文化中汲取中国智慧,以深沉思辨的目光,透过紫禁城来认识世界,也让世界从紫禁城浓缩的600年中读懂中国。同时,节目创造性地为12集节目量身打造了12首音乐主题歌,邀请不同特质的歌手进行多元化演绎,将历史文化的绵长厚重寄于音符和旋律之间,实现传统文化的创新表达。

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紫禁城的英文简介

This is the palace museum; also know as the Purple Forbidden City. It is the largest and most well reserved imperial residence in China today. Beijing Forbidden City is the head of the world's top five palaces. The Forbidden City was built begin in 1406 and it took 14 years to built it. The first ruler who actually lived here was Ming Emperor Zhudi. The distance From North to south is 961 meters, and 753 meters from east to west. And the area of about 725,000 square meters. The Imperial Palace has 8704 rooms. In 1987 the Forbidden City was recognized a world cultural legacy. 这是故宫博物院,也被称为紫禁城。它是北京现在最大、保存最完好的宫殿。北京故宫是世界五大宫殿之首。紫禁城建于1906年,历时14年建造完成。第一个明朝统治者朱棣便住在这里。故宫南北长961米,东西宽753米,建地面积725,000平方米。宫殿共有8704个房间。在1987年紫禁城成为世界文化遗产。 Forbidden City building Classified as "outside in" and "inner court" two parts. 太和palace中和palace and保和palace are the center of the outside in, Where the emperor would hold meeting and exercise of power. 乾清palace、交泰palace、坤宁palace are center of Inner court . Feudal emperors and princess lived here. 故宫的建筑分为“外朝”与“内廷”两大部分. 外朝以太和殿、中和殿、保和殿三大殿为中心,是皇帝举行朝会和行使权力的地方。内廷以乾清宫、交泰殿、坤宁宫后三宫为中心是封建帝王与后妃居住之所。The red and yellow used on the palace walls and roofs are symbolic. Red represents happiness, good fortune and wealth. Yellow is the color of the earth on the Loess Plateau, the original home of the Chinese people. Yellow became an imperial color during the Tang dynasty, when only members of the royal family were allowed to wear it and use it in their architecture. Dragon, lion and other animals are a symbol of good fortune and dignity. The pine trees and cypress trees and the pavilions make people feel beautiful and quiet. 红色和黄色作为宫殿墙壁主色调是一种象征。红色代表快乐、好运气、和财富。黄色是中国人的起源地黄土高原大地的颜色。在唐朝黄色成为了代表帝王的颜色,仅有少数人可以穿它,并且也将黄色用于建筑。龙凤、狮子等动物象征这吉祥和威严。这些松树,柏树,还有小亭子给人以幽美恬静的感觉。The Forbidden City had three large-scale maintenance. The first time was in 1949 when New China has founded. This maintenance fundamentally changed the old society, and show a magnificent scale. The second time is in 1973, people has protected the palace professional.The third time is since 2002, continued in 2020, the palace is re-repiring, and "Open areas" will increase from the current 30% to 70%. 紫禁城总共进行了三次大规模的维修。第一次是在1949年新中国成立的时候。这次维修从根本上改变了宫殿的旧社会形态,展现了宏伟壮观的规模。 第二次是在1973年,人们对它进行了更多专业的保护。 第三次从2002年将一直持续到2020年。将使宫殿的开放区从30%增加到 70%。There are four entrances into the city. The Meridian Gate to the south, the Shenwu Gate (Gate of Military Prowess) to the north, the Donghua to the east, and the Xihua Gate to the west.故宫有四个大门,南门为午门,北门为神武门,东门为东华门,西门为西华门。午门:the shape of the gate is the most high-level form. Wumen gate where the emperor ordered the expedition, and few people can walk through this gate. 午门的形状是最高级别的形式。午门是皇帝下令出征的地方,仅有很少一部分人可以通过这个门。神武门:Shenwumen is a daily access gate. Now this gate is the main entrance. 神武门是日常出入的门。现在是故宫的正门。Inside the 太和gate, there are太和palace、中和palace、and保和palace. These three palace are the maintain architecture of the palace museum. Their height of different shapes, and different roof forms, these seem rich and diverse. 位于太和门内, 是太和殿、中和殿、保和殿,这是故宫的三大主要建筑,它们高矮造型不同,屋顶形式也不同,显得丰富多样。太和殿:This is the most grandeur. And this temple area is the largest one of various in Forbidden City. This temple is the place where the emperor held a major ceremony, like the emperor ascended the throne, birthdays, weddings, New Year's Day.太和殿是最富丽堂皇的建筑,建地面积是紫禁城中宫殿最大的。太和殿是皇帝举行重大典礼的地方,比如:皇帝即位、生日、婚礼、元旦等。中和殿:zhonghedian is located the back of the taihe temple. Where the emperor to take a break before the ceremony and do a pre-exercise。 中和殿在太和殿的后面,是皇帝去太和殿举行大典前稍事休息和演习礼仪的地方。 保和殿:Baohe temple is a place where the annual New Year's Eve kings and emperors entertain the other kings and is also the place where examinations held and successful candidates. 保和殿是每年除夕皇帝赐宴的场所。保和殿也是科举考试举行殿试的地方。 御花园:There are many pine trees and cypress trees, besides some other precious trees, some rockery, and pavilions. The 万春 pavilion and 千秋pavilion are the preservation of the most beautiful and ancient-style.御花园里面栽种了很多松柏,和一些珍贵的树种,还有一些假山和小亭子。其中万春亭和千秋亭是目前保存的古亭中最为华丽的。乾清宫:Palace of Heavenly Purity in the Forbidden City in top court. There is a throne in the middle of the temple. There are "aboveboard" plaque, two sides of the this court are the places where emperor reading and sleeping. The south of the court is a room that the son of emperor can reading and studying.乾清宫在在故宫内庭最前面,殿的正中有宝座,内有“正大光明”匾。乾清宫的两头是皇帝读书、就寝之地。厅的南面是皇子读书学习的地方。坤宁宫:kunning gong in the last surface of the Forbidden City in chambers. Kunning Gong is the Queen's chambers in the Ming Dynasty. And then it turns to be a ritual place.坤宁宫坤宁宫在故宫“内庭”最后面,坤宁宫是明朝皇后寝宫,清代改为祭神场所。交泰殿:This temple in the Palace of Heavenly Purity and between Kunning Gong. The temple is the Queen's Birthday Celebration birthday activities.交泰殿在乾清宫和坤宁宫之间该殿是皇后生日举办寿庆活动的地方。东西六宫:There are 6 temples in the east and west. Ming and Qing imperial concubines used to live.东西六宫是明清时期嫔妃居住的地方



紫禁城的结构什么

北京紫禁城占地面积724250平方米,还没把护城河与城墙的绿化带计 算在内。宫殿建筑总面积达163,000㎡。紫禁城是一座长方形的城池,南北长961米,东西宽753米,四周有高10米多的城墙围绕,城墙的外沿周长为3428米,城墙外有宽52米的护城河,是护卫紫禁城的重要设施。城墙四边各有一门,南为午门,北为神武门,东为东华门,西为西华门。城墙的四角有四座设计精巧的角楼。紫禁城宫殿都是木结构、黄琉璃瓦顶、青白石底座,饰以金碧辉煌的彩画。其平面布局,立体效果,以及形式上的雄伟、堂皇、庄严、和谐,都可以说世上罕见的。集中国古代建筑艺术之大成,是中国二千多年专制社会皇权思想的集中体现。与中国历代皇宫一样,故宫的总体规划和建筑形制完全服从并体现了古代宗法礼制的要求,突出了至高无上的帝王权威。 北京紫禁城筹建于明成祖永乐(公元1404年~公元1424年)五年,兴建于永乐十五年至十八年。整个营造工程由侯爵陈圭督造,具体负责是规划师吴中。从明永乐五年(公元1407)年起,明成祖集中全国匠师,征调了二、三十万民工和军工,经过14年的时间,建成了这组规模宏大的宫殿组群。清朝沿用以后,只是部分经过重建和改建,总体布局基本上没有变动。紫禁城位于北京都城正中,中轴线穿过皇城正中,也就是穿过紫禁城中三 大殿、后三宫。紫禁城正门为正南面的午门,也被称为“五凤楼”。午门是宫城中最高的一座门,朝中大赦、献俘等重大仪式都在午门举行。其北门为神武门,东门为东华门,西门为西华门。紫禁城作为明清两代的宫城,全部宫殿分“外朝”和“内廷”两部分。位于紫禁城的前部。外朝由天安门——端门——午门——太和殿——中和殿——保和殿组成的中轴线和中轴线两旁的殿阁廊庑组成。外朝以太和、中和、保和三殿为主,前面有太和门,两侧又有文华、武英两组宫殿。从建筑的功能来看,外朝是皇帝办理政务,举行朝会的地方,举凡国家的重大活动和各种礼仪,都在外朝举行。内廷是皇帝后妃生活的地方,包括中轴线上的乾清宫、交泰殿、坤宁宫、御花园和两旁的东西六宫等宫殿群组成。内廷位于紫禁城的后部(北部),包括乾清宫、交泰殿、坤宁宫,是帝后居住的地方,这组宫殿的两侧有居住用的东西六宫和宁寿宫、慈宁宫等;以及分布在内廷各处的四座御花园。宫城内还有禁军的值房和一些服务性建筑以及太监、宫女居住的矮小房屋、宫城正门午门至天安门之间,在御路两侧建有朝房。朝房外,东为太庙、西为社稷坛。宫城北部的景山则是附属于宫殿的另一组建筑群。 故宫建筑形式雄伟,庄严,布局严谨,和谐,大片黄色琉璃屋顶,红墙红柱及绚丽彩画给全部建筑披上金碧辉煌的色彩。按照【前朝后寝】的古制,象征政权中心的三大殿太和殿、中和殿、保和殿,以及帝后居住的后三宫乾清宫、交泰殿、坤宁宫各成一体,遥相呼应。整个布局沿着一条南北向中轴线排列,并向两旁展开,南北取直,左右对称。这条中轴线不仅贯穿在紫禁城内,而且南达永定门,北到鼓楼、钟楼,贯穿了整个城市,气魄宏伟,规划严整,处处体现着大一统国家的宏伟气派和博大精深。

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